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Conditional Sentences dan penjelasannya

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences adalah kalimat pengandaian, sehingga kalimat pengandaian ini bisa belum terjadi atau mengandaikan tentang masa depan atau pengandaian pada masa lalu, sehingga kalimat pengandaian dalam Conditional Sentences ada beberapa jenis. Berikut adalah jenis jenis dari Conditional Sentences dan penggunaanya

Conditional Sentences Type 1

Pengertian Conditional Sentences jenis 1

Adalah sebuah kalimat pengandaian yang digunakan untuk mengandaikan sesuatu yang belum terjadi, sehingga kemungikan besar akan terjadi pada masa depan. Contohnya dalam bahasa Indonesia seperti ini seandainya kalian siswa kelas 3 sma dan kalian belajar dengan rajin ketika kelas tiga ( saat ini dibicarakan) maka secara otomatis anda akan lulus dengan nilai yang bagus. Sehingga kalimat pengandaiany seperti ini “ jika saya belajar dengan rajin maka saya akan lulus dengan nilai memuaskan” atau “ jika saya tidak belajar dengan rajin maka nilai saya akan jelek” dan kejadian ini belum berlaku.

Fakta Conditonal Sentences type 1

Karena Conditional Sentences type 1 belum terjadi maka faktanya juga belum bisa dipastikan.perhatikan IF Fina gets up early, she will have breakfast ( kalimat ini belum terjadi sehinga Fina bisa bangun pagi bisa tidak, seandainya Fina bangun pagi maka secara otomats dia akan bisa sarapan.

Rumus Conditonal Senteces Type 1

If Simple Present tense, Simple future tense

If Subject + V/Ves + ket , Subject + Will + V1

If Subject + do/does + Not + V + Keterangan , Subject + Will + Not + V1

Keterangan diatas mewajibkan kita untuk mengetahui simple present tense dan simple future tense untuk bisa menguasai conditional sentences type ini. Begitu pula untuk kalimat posistif dan negativenya menyesuaiakan. Dan yang perlu kamu harus ingat adalah rumus tersebut bisa dibalik. Kalau dibalik akitabnya adalah “IF” berada ditengah dan tidak ada tanda koma

Simple future tense If Simple Present tense

Subject + Will + V1 If Subject + V/Ves + ket

Subject + Will + Not + V1 If Subject + do/does + Not + V + Keterangan

Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentences type 1


If I study hard, I will get high score in the final exam.
IF Tina Studies hard, she will graduate as soon as possible.
IF Ayu does her homework, the teacher will not punish her.
If students go to school early, they will not be late.

Soal Latihan Conditional Sentences Jenis 1 dan pembahasannya

Choose the correct verb tense in each of the following sentences

1. If she goes to the birthday party, she ………….. A present
a. Takes
b. Will take
c. Take

Jawaban : B

Pembahasan. Kata setelah IF adalah simple present sehingga tenses setelahnya adalah simple future

2. I ………….. the doctor if my stomach still hurts tomorrow
a. Will call
b. Called
c. call

Jawaban A

Pembahasan. Kata setelah “IF” adalah simple present maka kalimat awalnya adalah simple future

3. She will do the exercise again if she ………….. a lot of mistakes
a. Will make
b. Makes
c. Make

Jawaban B

Pembahasan. Kata yang tidak ada IF nya adalah simple future maka kata setelah IF adalah simple present, dikarenakan subjectnya adalah “ She” maka kata kerjanya harus berakhiran ‘s/es”

4. If they practice a lot, they ………….. the game.
a. Wins
b. Win
c. Will win

Jawaban C

Pembahasan. Kata setelah IF adalah simple present tense, sehingga subject setelah dari kalimat yang lain adalah simple future jawab C

5. I will take my umbrella if it ………….. tomorrow
a. Rains
b. Raining
c. Will rain

Jawaban A

Pembahasan. Kalimat yang tidak ada IF nya adalah simple future, sehingga kalimat yang ada IF nya harus simple present dan karena subjecnya adalah “IT” maka kalimat tersebut harus mempunyai kata kerja “es/s”

6. She will marry him if he …………..her
a. Will ask
b. Ask
c. Asks

Jawaban C

Pembahasan. Karena kata yang tidak ada IF nya berpola simple future maka kalimat yang ada IF nya harus berpola simple present tense dan karena subjectnya adalah He maka kata kerjanya adalah ditambahi dengan “s/es”

7. If we go out tonight, we ………….. the door.
a. Will lock
b. Are locking
c. Lock

Jawaban A

Pembahasan. Kalimat setelah IF adalah simple present, sehingga untuk kalimat setelahnay adalah kamilat simple future

8. I will make a sandwich if I …………..hungry
a. Be
b. Will be
c. Am

Jawaban C

Pembahasan. Kalimat yang tidak ada “ IF” nya adalah simple future, sehingga kalimat setelahnya adalah kalimat simple present karena tidak ada kata kerja maka kata kerjanya adalah “Be”

Conditional Sentences Jenis 2

Penggunaan Conditional Sentences jenis 2

Penggunaan Conditioal sentences ini adalah digunakan untuk menjelaskan sebuah keadaan yang tidak terjadi pada masa sekarang. Contoh ilustrasinya seperti ini, saat ini anda merasa lapar, nah kalimat pengandaain Conditional sentencesnya seperti ini “ jika saya tadi pagi sarapan maka saya akan merasa kenyang”

Rumus Conditional Sentences jenis 2

IF Simple Past , Past Future

IF Subject + V2 + ket , Subject + Would/might/Could + Should + V1

Past Future IF Simple Past

Subject + Would/might/Could + Should + V1 + IF Subject + V2 + ket

Sehingga dapat dipastikan kalau untuk dapat mengerjakan atau membuat kalimat Conditional sentences jenis 2 ini anda harus menguasai dua tenses yaitu Simple past tense dan past future. Baik itu kalimat positifnya atau negative serta kalimat verba dan non verbanya.

Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentences jenis 2


If I had studied harder, I Would buy a big house
If you bought this house, You would have a house
If you studied harder, You would get a higher score
If Andi Invited me, I would come to his party
I would be very happy If I Could merry Ayu
I would be the smarter students if I joined the course

Cara menentukan Fakta Conditional Sentences Jenis 2

Conditional Sentences jenis dua mempunyai fakta berlawanan dengan kata setelah IF dan sebelum subject yang kedua, Contoh seperti ini IF I were Handsome, I would be very happy, berarti faktanya berlawanan dengan kalimat I were handsome dan kalimat tersebut menggunakan tenses simple present tense dan fakta untuk kalimat Conditional Sentences jenis 2 tersebut adalah I am not handsome.


If Fina won the English speech contest, He would be very happy ( Facts : Fina does not win the English Speech Contest)
IF Fina Had so much money, She would buy this beautiful bag. ( facts : Fina does not have so much money )
IF Ayu Knew me, I would be very happy ( facts : Ayu does not know me)
You would be very happy if Ayu called me ( facts : Ayu does not call me )

Latihan soal Conditional Sentences jenis 2 dan pembahasannya


1. If Alex ……..(sell) his old mobile, he would buy a new mp3 player.
2. We would come to the party if it started ……. (start) at 8 o'clock.
3. The boy……. (be) in the Olympic team if he trained harder.
4. If you……. (click) the red button, you would cancel the download.
5. If they ……. (be) old enough, they could play in the school basketball team.
6. Maria ……. (understand)the text if her teacher marked the important sentences.
7. Joe would get better marks if he……. (improve) his grammar.
8. If we……. (recycle) these cans, we could reduce rubbish.
9. If you……. (change) your money at a bank, you would save commission.
10. If it ……. (snow) during the night, I might go snowboarding the next morning.

Pembahasasan soal diatas


1. If Alex sold his old mobile, he would buy a new mp3 player.
2. We would come to the party if it started at 8 o'clock.
3. The boy would be in the Olympic team if he trained harder.
4. If you clicked the red button, you would cancel the download.
5. If they were old enough, they could play in the school basketball team.
6. Maria could understand the text if her teacher marked the important sentences.
7. Joe would get better marks if he improved his grammar.
8. If we recycled these cans, we could reduce rubbish.
9. If you changed your money at a bank, you would save commission.
10. If it snowed during the night, I might go snowboarding the next morning.

Conditional Sentences type 3

Penggunaan Conditional Sentences type 3

Tipe ini menjelaskan tentang sebuah peristiwa pengandaian dalam masa lalu dan telah terjadi pada masa lalu, sehingga sudah tidak mungkin terjadi . misalnya saja ilustrasi seperti ini umur kalian sudah 30 tahun dan kalian tidak kuliah karena tidak lulus sma maka kalimat pengandaainnya adalah seperti ini “ jika saya lulus SMA maka saka akan kuliah “.

Rumus Conditional Sentences type 3

IF Past Perfect, Subject + Would/Should/might, could + Simple present perfect. Atau bisa dibalik, sehingga IF berada ditengah dan menghilangkan tanda “Koma”

Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentences Type 3


If you had studied harder, you would have passed the final exam
If You had loved me, I would have been married you.
I would have been very happy if Ayu had loved me
IF Ayu had not been smart She would not have gotten the best score in English.
If Fina had known you were in Hospital, She would have visited you

Cara menentukan Fakta Conditional Sentences Jenis 3

Sebenarnya fakta dari Conditional sentences jenis 3 ini menentukanya hampir sama dengan Conditinal sentences jenis 2 akan tetapi berupa kalimat past tense beriktu contohnya
1. If the weather had been nice, they would have played football.
Facts : the weather was not nice and they did not play football
2. If we had gone to a good restaurant, we would have had a better dinner.
Facts : We did not go to the good restaurant, we had not good dinner
3. If John had learned more words, he would have written a good report.
Facts : John did not learn more words
4. If the boys had taken the bus to school, they would have arrived on time.
Facts : the boys did not take the bus to school and they were late
5. If the teacher had explained the homework, I would have done it.
Facts : the teacher did not explain the homework
6. If they had waited for another 10 minutes, they would have seen the pop star.
Facts : they did not wait for another 10 minutes.
7. If the police had come earlier, they would have arrested the burglar.
Facts : the police did not come earlier
8. If you had bought fresh green vegetable, your salad would have tasted better.
Facts : you did not buy fresh green vegetable
9. If Alex had asked me, I would have emailed the documents.
Facts : Alex did not ask me
10. If he had spoken more slowly, Peggy would have understood him.
Facts : he did not speak slowly

Soal Conditional Sentences 3 dan jawabannya Soal Conditional Sentences 3 dan jawabannya


1. If he had come earlier, he ……. (meet) Tina.
2. The water in the pool ……. (be) warmer if the sun had shone more often.
3. If Betty ……. (Writte) more applications, she would have got an apprenticeship.
4. If I …….( see) you, I would have talked to you.
5. We would have given the man the documents if we……. (know) him.
6. If you had phoned me, I ……. (record) the show.
7. They would have understood the film if they ……. (read) the book.
8. If the car had turned left, the old lady ……. (cross) the street.
9. If she had realized the red traffic light, she ……. (Stop).
10. The boys would have won the match if they ……. (train) regularly.

Jawaban soal


1. If he had come earlier, he would have met Tina.
2. The water in the pool would have been warmer if the sun had shone more often.
3. If Betty had written more applications, she would have got an apprenticeship.
4. If I had seen you, I would have talked to you.
5. We would have given the man the documents if we had known him.
6. If you had phoned me, I would have recorded the show.
7. They would have understood the film if they had read the book.
8. If the car had turned left, the old lady would have crossed the street.
9. If she had realized the red traffic light, she would have stopped . 1
0. The boys would have won the match if they had trained regularly.

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2 Tanggapan untuk "Conditional Sentences dan penjelasannya "

  1. Contoh seperti ini IF I were Handsome, I would be very happy, berarti faktanya berlawanan dengan kalimat I were handsome dan kalimat tersebut menggunakan tenses simple present tense dan fakta untuk kalimat Conditional Sentences jenis 2 tersebut adalah I am not handsome.

    Sepertinya kalimat "If I were handsome" adl kalimat simple past tense kak. Bukan simple present tense. Thanks.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Contoh seperti ini IF I were Handsome, I would be very happy, berarti faktanya berlawanan dengan kalimat I were handsome dan kalimat tersebut menggunakan tenses simple present tense dan fakta untuk kalimat Conditional Sentences jenis 2 tersebut adalah I am not handsome.

    Sepertinya kalimat "If I were handsome" adl kalimat simple past tense kak. Bukan simple present tense. Thanks.

    ReplyDelete