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Materi Bahasa Inggris SMA/SMK kelas 10 Kurikulum 2013 "Describing Historical Places"

Descriptive text Stonehenge  dan terjemahannya
Descriptive text Stonehenge 

Descriptive text the secret of Stonehenge dan terjemahannya

The secret of Stonehenge

All over the globe are historical mysteries left to us by the ancient world – lost civilizations, abandoned cities, and puzzling monuments. One unexplained mystery that has both inspired and mystified modern man for centuries is Stonehenge. Though it is one of the best-known artifacts in the world, we have no definitive idea of why it was built and what it was actually used for. Today, however, two new investigations may offer some answers.

Seluruh dunia adaah misteri yang bersejarah yang ditinggalkan untuk kita oleh orang sebelumnya – peradaban yang hilang, kota yang dibuag, monument yang penuh teka teki. Salah satu misteri yang belum terjelaskan yang diinspirasi dan membingungkan orang orang modern selama berabad abad adalah Stonehenge. Meskipun ini adalah salah satu artifak paling terkenal didunia, kami tidak mempunyai ide pasti mengapa Stonehenge dibangun dan apa gunanya sebenarnya. Hari ini, akan tetapi, penelitian baru mungkin menawarkan beberapa jawaban.

The first theory begins with findings being unearthed not at Stonehenge, but at a location nearby. Archeologist Mike Parker Pearson and his colleagues have been studying an area about three kilometers (two miles) northeast of Stonehenge. Here stands Durrington Walls – a structure similar to Stonehenge but about 20 times larger. In and around Durrington Walls were three circular structures made of wood. Evidence suggests that these wooden circles were holy places, or perhaps the residences of important officials who cared for Durrington. Outside Durrington Walls, Parker Pearson and his colleagues have also recently discovered a village of up to 300 houses which date back more than 4,500 years.

Teori pertama dimulai dengan penemuan tanpa penggalian di Stonehenge, akan tetapi di lokasi terdekat. Seorag Arkeologis, Mike Parker Pearson and teman temannya telah mempelajari daerah sekitar tiga kilometer ( dua mil) pada bagian timur laut Stonehenge. Disini berdiri dinding Durrington – sebuah struktur yang sama dengan Stonehenge akan tetapi lebih besar 20 kali. Dalam dan sekitar dinding Durrington ada tiga structure lingkaran terbuat dari kayu. Bukti membuktikan bahwa lingkaran kayu ini adalah tempat suci, atau mungkin adalah tempat tinggal orang orang penting yang mengurus Durrington. Diluar dinding Durrington, Parker Pearson and teman temannya juga baru baru ini menemukan sebuah desa sampai 300 rumah yang ditinggali kira kira lebih dar 4500 tahun.

What do the findings at Durrington Walls have to do with Stonehenge? Parker Pearson believes there is a connection between the two places, and he cites his recent studies of the Malagasy cultures in Madagaskar to help explain his theory. In Malagasy culture, stone is a symbol of hardened bones and death. Wood, in contrast, is associated with life.

Apakah penemuan di Dinding Durrington harus berpengaruh dengan Stonehenge? Parker Pearson mempercayai ada hubungan antara dua tempat, dan dia menegaskan dalam penelitian terbarunya dari kebudayan Malagasy di Madagaskar untuk membantu menjelaskan teorinya. Di kebudayaan Malaga, batu adalah sebuah symbol dari tulang keras dan kematian. Kayu, sebaliknya adalah berhubungan dengan kehidupan.

Using this model, Parker Pearson sees associations between the wooden structures of Durrington and the hard monument of Stonehenge. Durrington, in this new theory, is the domain of the living, while Stonehenge is a place of the dead.

Menggunakan model ini, Parker Pearson melihat hubungan antara structure kayu dari Durrington dan kerasnya monument Stonehenge. Durrington, dalam teori terbarunya, adalah inti dari kehidupa, sementarai Stonehenge adalah tempat kematian.

In Wales, about 400 kilometers (250 miles) west of Stonehenge, archeologists have another theory about why the monument was built and what it was used for. In this region of Wales are the Preseli Mountains. Archeologists have traced the origin of Stonehenge’s oldest stones (often referred to as “bluestones” because of their appearance when wet) to this site.

Di Wales, kira kira 400 kilomter ( 250 mile) barat dari Stonehenge, Arkeologis mempunyai teori lain tentang mengapa monument tersebut didirikan dan apa gunanya. Di bagian wilayah Wales ini adalah gunung Preseli. Arkeolog telah menelusuri batu paling tua dari Stonehenge ( sering sekali di tunjukan sebagai “ batubiru” karena tampilannya ketika basah ) di daerah ini.

Stonehenge was one of the last great monuments built in ancient England. It was abandoned about 3,500 years ago, and because its creators wrote no texts to explain it, they have left us forever with one of history’s great puzzles to solve.

Stonehenge adalah salah satu monument terbesar didirikan di Jaman kuno Inggris. Ini sudah terabaikan kira kira 3500 tahun yang lalu, karena pembuatnya tidak menuliskan tulisan untuk menjelaskannya, Stonehenge telah meninggalkan kita dengan salah satu sejarah besar dengan teka teki untuk dipecahkan

Exercise

Based on the information in the previous text, write T if the sentence is True or F if the sentence is False.

1. Lost civilizations, abandoned cities, and puzzling monuments are examples of historical mysteries. __________ ( True)

2. Stonehenge is one of the world artifacts. _________( true)

3. Durrington Walls is far away from Stonehenge. __________ ( false)

4. Durrington Walls is about southwest of Stonehenge. __________( false)

5. The structure of Durrington Walls is different from that of Stonehenge. __________( False)

6. Parker Pearson proposes two possible theories about the why and the what for. __________ ( true)

7. Stonehenge is made of wood. __________ ( false)

8. Durrington Walls is the place for the living, whereas Stonehenge for the dead. __________( true)

9. The Preseli Mountains are in Wales. __________( True)

10. The paragraphs before the last one are likely to be about why Stonehenge was built and what it was for. __________( False)

Vocabulary Excercise

complete the following sentences using the words in the box.


civilization
abandoned
best-known
colleague
unearth
evidence
holy
cite
officials
ancient

1. I have a new __________ now. She has been in this company for a week. (colleague )

2. . Both my father and my mother are senior high school teachers. They are government _______( officials)

3. I love learning sociology. Through this subject, I can see how human __________ has developed from time to time. (civilization )

4. Malang is __________ as an education city in East Java because there are many universities and colleges there. (best-known)

5. The data that the researchers have presented in the conference provide additional __________ concerning strategies for learning English.( evidence)

6. Hidden behind Beijing’s __________ walls is the cultural richness of the society. (ancient )

7. Authors might need to __________ from other sources to support their arguments. In order to avoid plagiarizing, they have to acknowledge this.( cite)

8. Students in this region generally do not go to schools on __________ days (holy )

9. Archeologists have managed to __________ the remains and findings related to Stonehenge. (unearth)

10. One of the theories that archeologists propose suggests that this city was once ________ (abandoned )

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